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Blus Alexander – 32 group

Kiev 2002

The United States of America is a very diverse country.

Its nature, climate, population varies from the East Coast to the west, from the northern border to the southern.

It is a multicultural and multiracial country.

Though its history dates back only to the 15th century despite the
European countries, its cities and towns have so many peculiar features that it is very interesting for us to have a “tour” around the USA making short stop at the biggest cities of the USA.

Among the USA’s biggest cities are New York City, Los Angeles,
Chicago, Houston, and Philadelphia.

The country’s most important city is its capital – Washington, D.C.

With its Grand neoclassical building and its tree-lined avenues,
Washington, D.C. strikes the visitor as a lovely and formal city.
Washington wasn’t always this way.

On September 8, 1664, British troops occupied New Amsterdam without resistance, overthrew the Dutch government, and called the place New York.
Seven years later the Dutch recaptured the city and called it New Orange, but in 1674 the city was in the hands of the British again who returned the name New York.

In America there are a lot of large cities but I want to tell about

Chicago is the third-largest city in the United States and one of the country’s leading industrial, commercial, financial, and transport center.
It extends some 47 km (29 mi) along the southwestern shore of Lake
Michigan, occupying flatland traversed by two short rivers: the Chicago
River and the Calumet River.

The city’s rapid growth was due in large part to its location, with ready access to markets and raw materials; it has the world’s busiest airport, Chicago-O’Hare International Airport.

Aided by an excellent distribution network, Chicago is America’s most important rail and haulage center and is a significant port handling both domestic and international trade. Great Lakes freighters and river barges deliver bulk commodities such as iron ore, coal, chemicals, oil, and grain.

The Chicago metropolitan area has the highest number of manufacturing employees in the United States. City’s largest employers is the electrical goods industry, followed by the steel, machinery, fabricated metals, foods, printing and publishing, chemicals, and transport equipment industries.

The Chicago Board of Trade and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange are among the world’s largest commodity markets. The city is a leading convention center with extensive hotel facilities, including McCormick.

Chicago has one of the world’s most beautiful lakefronts.

The world’s first skyscraper was constructed in Chicago, in 1885, spawning the innovative Chicago School of architecture. The central part of the city has several of the world’s tallest buildings, including the Sears
Tower, which at 110 storeys high is the tallest in the United States.
Construction of tall office buildings continues.

Chicago is a major center of higher education, with numerous colleges and universities. The prestigious University of Chicago (1890) was the site in 1942 of the world’s first controlled nuclear chain reaction.

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У березні 1917 року до влади в Україні прийшла Центральна Рада. На її чолі стояли М.Грушевський, В. Вінниченко, С. Петлюра. Головна мета Центральної
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Відступаючі загони Червоної Армії реквізували у селян фураж, коней, продовольство. Це викликало невдоволення населення. Більшість селянства рішуче взялася за зброю. Повстали і селяни Борисполя. Вони відмовилися давати "оброк" кіньми, возами, продовольством. Був скликаний мітинг.
Червоноармійці направили своїх делегатів, але бориспільці заявил   Читать       

Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

on the average.

Rainfall is fairly well distributed throughout the year, although
March to June are the driest months and October to January are the wettest.

Ireland is in the rather a different category, for here the rain- bearing winds have not been deprived of their moisture, and much of the
Irish plain receives up to 1,200 mm of rainfall per year, usually in the form of steady and prolonged drizzle. Snow, on the other hand, is rare, owing to the warming effects of the Gulf Stream. The combined influences of the sea and prevailing winds are equally evident in the general pattern of rainfall over the country.

Because of the North Atlantic Drift and predominantly maritime air masses that reach the British Isles from the west, the range in temperature throughout the year is never very great. The annual mean temperature in
England and Wales is about 10oC , in Scotland and Northern Ireland about
9oC. July and August are the warmest months of the year   Читать

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